Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose who is one of the most respected Indian leaders, influenced millions of people all over the world. He taught us the true meaning of Swaraj and the importance of freedom in one's life. He believed that Freedom is not given, but taken. This philosophy was the instrumental factor in his embracing of armed revolution against the British Empire. Here are a few facets of his life.
Bose was born in a Bengali Hindu, Kayastha family on 23 January 1897 in Orissa. Subhas Chandra Bose left India in 1919 for Great Britain with a promise to his father that he would appear in the Indian Civil Services Examination (ICS). He resigned from the civil service job and returned to India. In 1927, Bose became general secretary of the Congress party and worked with Jawaharlal Nehru for independence. He stood for unqualified Swaraj (self-governance), including the use of force against the British. This meant a confrontation with Mohandas Gandhi, who in fact opposed Bose's presidency, splitting the Indian National Congress party. Due to the manoeuvrings of the Gandhi-led clique in the Congress Working Committee, Bose found himself forced to resign from the Congress presidency. After departing from Congress, Even though he was not getting enough support from the Congress leaders and Indians, that didn't stop him from fighting for the freedom. He single-handedly formed Azad Hind Fauj (Indian National Army) with 60,000 Indian soldiers and continued his journey towards his vision of Free India.
Bose gave a speech from Berlin addressing the nation in which he mentioned that there was no conflict between and Gandhian way of freedom and it is crystal clear that in British decline alone lies the hope of India's independence. He finished the speech with words 'Long live Revolution'. Attached is the complete transcript of his speech.
I have no doubt in my mind that our chief national problems relating to the eradication of poverty, illiteracy and disease and the scientific production and distribution can be tackled only along socialistic lines.
Bose called himself a socialist. He expressed admiration for the authoritarian methods which he saw in Italy and Germany, and thought they could be used in building an independent India. During the war, he decided that no democratic system could be adequate to overcome India's poverty and social inequalities, and that a socialist state would be needed for the process of national re-building. But he also believed that democracy was the best option for India in the future.
- तुम मुझे खून दो मैं तुम्हे आज़ादी दूंगा ! (Give me blood and I shall give you freedom!)
- राष्ट्रवाद मानव जाति के उच्चतम आदर्शों सत्यम , शिवम् , सुन्दरम से प्रेरित है . (Nationalism is inspired by the highest ideals of the human race, satyam [the truth], shivam [the God], sundaram [the beautiful].)
- भारत में राष्ट्रवाद ने एक ऐसी शक्ति का संचार किया है जो लोगों के अन्दर सदियों से निष्क्रिय पड़ी थी . (Nationalism in India has … roused the creative faculties which for centuries had been lying dormant in our people.)
- याद रखिये सबसे बड़ा अपराध अन्याय सहना और गलत के साथ समझौता करना है. (Remember that the greatest crime is to compromise with injustice and wrong.)
- इतिहास में कभी भी विचार -विमर्श से कोई ठोस परिवर्तन नहीं हासिल किया गया है . (No real change in history has ever been achieved by discussions.)
- मेरे मन में कोई संदेह नहीं है कि हमारे देश की प्रमुख समस्याएं गरीबी ,अशिक्षा , बीमारी , कुशल उत्पादन एवं वितरण सिर्फ समाजवादी तरीके से ही की जा सकती है . (I have no doubt in my mind that our chief national problems relating to the eradication of poverty, illiteracy and disease and the scientific production and distribution can be tackled only along socialistic lines.)
- ये हमारा कर्तव्य है कि हम अपनी स्वतंत्रता का मोल अपने खून से चुकाएं. हमें अपने बलिदान और परिश्रम से जो आज़ादी मिले, हमारे अन्दर उसकी रक्षा करने की ताकत होनी चाहिए. (It is our duty to pay for our liberty with our own blood. The freedom that we shall win through our sacrifice and exertions, we shall be able topreserve with our own strength.)
- आज हमारे अन्दर बस एक ही इच्छा होनी चाहिए, मरने की इच्छा ताकि भारत जी सके! एक शहीद की मौत मरने की इच्छा ताकि स्वतंत्रता का मार्ग शहीदों के खून से प्रशश्त हो सके. (We should have but one desire today, the desire to die so that India may live ? the desire to face a martyr’s death, so that the path to freedom may be paved with the martyr’s blood.)
- एक सैनिक के रूप में आपको हमेशा तीन आदर्शों को संजोना और उन पर जीना होगा : सच्चाई , कर्तव्य और बलिदान.जो सिपाही हमेशा अपने देश के प्रति वफादार रहता है, जो हमेशा अपना जीवन बलिदान करने को तैयार रहता है, वो अजेय है. अगर तुम भी अजेय बनना चाहते हो तो इन तीन आदर्शों को अपने ह्रदय में समाहित कर लो. (As soldiers, you will always have to cherish and live up to the three ideals of faithfulness, duty and sacrifice. Soldiers who always remain faithful to their nation, who are always prepared to sacrifice their lives, are invincible. If you, too, want to be invincible, engrave these threeideals in the innermost core of your hearts.)