Albert Einstein kept a picture of Faraday on his study wall, alongside pictures of Isaac Newton and James Clerk Maxwell. Physicist Ernest Rutherford stated; "When we consider the magnitude and extent of his discoveries and their influence on the progress of science and of industry, there is no honour too great to pay to the memory of Faraday, one of the greatest scientific discoverers of all time".
Nothing is too wonderful to be true, if it be consistent with the laws of nature - Michael Faraday
A client of the bookbindery gave Faraday a ticket to hear a series of lectures by pioneering chemist Sir Humphrey Davy, one of the stars of British science at the Royal Institution. This brought him into contact with Humphrey and through a great stroke of luck, Faraday managed to get hired on as Humphrey’s assistant. But while working by Davy’s side, he started teaching and delivering lectures. These lectures grew ever increasingly popular, and his Friday evening discourses continue to this day at the institution. After a period of time, Faraday was labeled the most compelling scientific lecturer of his era.
Today, his legacy lives on as one of the best scientists the world has ever seen, despite having never been taught science in his life. Besides, no one could really teach him much science because he discovered most of it. Davy, the world famous chemist who turned down his initial job application, was once asked, "What was your greatest discovery?" He replied, "Michael Faraday."
"Faraday is, and must always remain, the father of that enlarged science of electro-magnetism.* James Clerk Maxwell
I went into the cube and lived in it, and using lighted candles, electrometers, and all other tests of electrical states, I could not find the least influence upon them, or indication of anything particular given by them, though all the time the outside of the cube was powerfully charged, and large sparks and brushes were darting off from every part of its outer surface.The results of his experiments in the cube enabled him show that electricity was in fact a force rather than an imponderable fluid, as was argued by some physicists at that time. We would now call the conducting cube he constructed a Faraday cage.
Here is a video demonstration of Faraday's cage by Department of physics, MIT.
The cages are widely used in shows and movies these days. Here is a short video of Tesla coil from the movie Sorcerer's Apprentice. The principle behind the cage was explained by Faraday.
Perhaps the most dramatic application of Faraday cages is lightning safety. If lightning strikes a closed metal aircraft or car, the occupants are safe as long as they are not in electrical contact with the outside metallic surface. The enclosed metallic car or aircraft acts as a Faraday cage and shields the interior from the strong electric field of the lightning strike.
Faraday cages block electromagnetic waves. Buildings or rooms can be deliberately built as Faraday cages either to prevent electromagnetic interference for sensitive electronics or to prevent external spying in high security situations. Buildings or rooms with significant amounts of metal in their construction might not be deliberate Faraday cages. They can however act as such and block cell phone and other wireless communication.
It's a common misunderstanding that passengers of a car are protected from lightening while inside because the car has rubber tires (which are insulators). Well, lightning laughs at two inches of rubber! Most cars are reasonably safe from lightning. But it’s the metal roof and metal sides that protect you, not the rubber tires. Thus convertibles, motorcycles, bicycles, open shelled outdoor recreational vehicles, and cars with plastic or fiberglass shells offer no lightning protection.
Here is a short video from National Geographic channel explaining how electronics can be protected from an EMP by encasing them in homemade Faraday cages.
This Jacket’s Faraday Cage Conveniently Silences Your Phone